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Items from "Matthew Werner": 5

Temple of Venus and Roma

Located on the edge of the Roman Forum, this temple was the largest in ancient Rome, having been designed by the emperor Hadrian, but was not completely finished until the reign of Antoninus Pius. A fire in 307 A.D damaged the temple, so Maxentius repaired it. The colossus of Nero had to be moved in order to make space for this massive temple.…

Temple of Divus Antoninus Pius and Diva Faustina

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This temple was originally constructed in the Roman Forum on the via sacra by emperor Antoninus to commemorate his deceased wife, Faustina. When Antoninus died, emperor Marcus Aurelius, along with the senate, decided to dedicate the temple to Antoninus as well, deifying both Antoninus and Faustina in the process. The temple has many roman features,…

Arch of Titus

Located on the via sacra, this arch was constructed by the emperor Domitian after the death of his older brother, emperor Titus, who ruled from 79 to 81 A.D. This arch commemorates their father, the emperor Vespasian as well. Military victories are shown on the arch, such as the siege of Jerusalem which occurred in 70 A.D. This arch deifies Titus,…

Baths of Caracalla

These very large baths were commissioned by Caracalla, emperor from 198 to 217 A.D. [by himself, emperor from 211 to 217] Like other baths, these baths included a frigidarium (cold room), a tepidarium (warm room), a calidarium (hot room), and palaestras (exercise fields). These baths were a great place for social gatherings, where people would make…

Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius

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Currently at the Capitoline museum (both the replica outside the museum and the original inside the museum), the equestrian statue of Marcus Aurelius is the only preserved bronze statue from imperial Rome [not quite: it's the only one known to have stood and survived in the open throughout the centuries]. This statue was created to commemorate…