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Items tagged "Forum": 13

Capitolium at Ostia

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The Capitolium is a temple located in Ostia. It is the largest temple in Ostia, facing the Temple of Augustus and Rome and is well visible as it raised on a tall podium, just like the Temple of Jupiter Massimo on the Capitoline in Rome. The Capitolium is a great example of Imperial Roman architecture, marked by the high podium and long steps only…

Basilica of Maxentius

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Located in the forum, these are the ruins of the basilica that was originally built by Maxentius and renovated by Constantine.

Arch of Constantine

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This arch is located in the Roman Forum, in between the Colosseum and the Palatine Hill. It was dedicated to Constantine by the Senate in 315 A.D. to commemorate ten years in imperial power. It’s 21 meters high and 25.6 meters wide, making it the largest remaining Roman triumphal arch, and it is split into three arches. A large portion of the arch…

Forum of Trajan

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The Forum of Trajan was constructed by Apollodorus of Damascus in 112 AD to commemorate Trajan’s successful conquest of the Dacians. The campaign is immortalized in the reliefs of the Forum’s focal point, the Column of Trajan. The complex included libraries, a temple to Trajan, and the Basilica Ulpia.

Markets of Trajan

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The Markets of Trajan are an immense structure with several floors all constructed out of Marble and Brick faced concrete. Built around 100 AD, the Markets of Trajan lie adjacent to the Forum of Trajan. With barrel vaulted ceilings, the Markets of Trajan could have served a variety of purposes to the Roman Empire as the architecture has allowed the…

Caesarian and Augustan Rostra

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The rostra was an orators' platform once used for public speeches and general assembly meetings. The name "rostra", meaning the prow of a ship, comes from the Roman tradition of incorporating rostra from enemy ships into speakers' platforms as spoils of war. As Julius Caesar colonized the Roman Forum, he placed the rostra along the Forum's central…

Arch of Septimius Severus

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A triumphal arch dedicated to commemorate the victories of Emperor Septimius Severus and his two sons, Caracalla and Geta, in the two campaigns against the Parthians. Images of Geta were removed from the arch in damnatio memoriae after he was assassinated by Caracalla. It is currently located at the northwest end of the Roman Forum.

Basilica of Maxentius

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The Basilica of Maxentius was built in the northern side of the forum near the Temple of Venus and Rome under instruction of Emperor Maxentius. This basilica simulated Greek architecture as the architecture of the basilica was focused on the interior space creating massive ceilings out of precious materials. The Basilica was coffered on the top to…

The Arch of Septimius Severus

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Erected in 203 AD, the Arch of Septimius Severus is located in the northwest end of the forum. It is a triumphal arch which was a part of the triumphal procession of the victorious Roman military commanders. The arch utilizes two strategies in order to demonstrate the power of Septimius Severus: the first was the utilization of barbarian depictions…

Arch of Septimius Severus

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The arch is located in the Roman Forum in Rome and was built in 203 AD. It was originally dedicated to Septimius Severus and his sons Caracalla and Geta, but the inscription was later changed to remove Geta's name after Caracalla murdered him. The base of the arch shows Barbarians who seemed to have been captured by Romans, as they are bound in…