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Items tagged "Marble": 98

The Dying Gaul

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The Dying Gaul is a Roman copy of a 3rd century Greek statue. It depicts a gaul with a wound in his lower chest. His hair, mustache and torc necklace identify him as a barbarian.

Arch of Constantine

This arch is located in the Roman Forum, in between the Colosseum and the Palatine Hill. It was dedicated to Constantine by the Senate in 315 A.D. to commemorate ten years in imperial power. It’s 21 meters high and 25.6 meters wide, making it the largest remaining Roman triumphal arch, and it is split into three arches. A large portion of the arch…

Bust of Commodus as Hercules

This bust is located at the Musei Capitolini at Piazza del Campidoglio, 1, 00186 Roma RM. It depicts Emperor Commodus, son of Marcus Aurelius, as the hero Hercules. Commodus is depicted draped in a lion skin, with a club in one hand, and apples in the other — all traditional symbols associated with Hercules. Commodus wished to conflate himself with…

The Round Temple of Hercules

The Round Temple of Hercules is located in the Piazza Bocca della Verità/Forum Boarium near the Tiber river, and is made of Greek marble. While it is not certain that the temple was in fact for Hercules, it is commonly accepted as such. This temple follows Greek architecture as it is not elevated, but is circular with stairs all around, allowing…

The Gaul Killing Himself and His Wife

This marble statue from the 2nd century AD remains one of the most fascinating sculptures of a Barbarian in Roman art. A part of the Ludovisi collection in the Palazzo Altemps, the creator is unknown, but is likely to be a Roman copy of a Greek sculpture from an earlier time period [not likely, according to Marvin!]. This statue demonstrates a…

Trajan's Forum and Market

Trajan's Forum is the largest Forum every built by a Roman emperor, and was constructed in order to commemorate Trajan's victory over the Dacians. It served as a public meeting place with temples and a large basilica, and also contains the famous burial place of Trajan underneath Trajan's Column. The Markets of Trajan are directly adjacent to the…

The Column of Trajan

Trajan's column is located near his Forum by the basilica. The column was erected in 113 AD by the senate in commemoration of emperor Trajan's victory during the Dacian Wars. The triumphal column was made out of marble with a spiral relief showing the story of his victory. It was considered the first monument of Rome due to its historical and…

The Ludovisi Gaul killing himself and his wife

This artwork is currently located in the National Museum of Rome, Palazzo Altemps. The sculpture is [likely] from the 2nd century AD, but it is believed to be a Roman copy of a Greek original from the 1st century BC [if it is a copy - which is debated - the original would be earlier than that]. The statue portrays a man in the act of killing…

Battle with Centaurs

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This sarcophagus relief shows a battle between centaurs and people who are likely Romans. The centaurs have contorted facial expressions, likely symbolic of their beast-like nature. The Romans, by contrast, are unusually calm. The subject is likely a descendent of the Greek myth of the Battle of the Lapiths and the Centaurs - At a lapith wedding,…

Column of Marcus Aurelius

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The Column of Marcus Aurelius was completed in the later 2nd century AD and modeled to resemble Trajan's column. Currently situated in the Piazza Colonna, the column pictures a spiral relief of various battles and events throughout Aurelius' life. Initially situated in the Campus Martius, the column is built out of a number of marble sections as…