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Items tagged "emperor": 15

Commodus as Hercules

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Currently housed in the Capitoline Museums, this bust depicts the emperor Commodus as the mythological hero Hercules, shown with the lion's mane, club, and apples typically associated with the hero. This connection between Commodus and Hercules was intentionally made by Commodus, who saw himself as a reincarnation of the deified hero. This was most…

Column of Marcus Aurelius

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The Column of Marcus Aurelius was completed in the later 2nd century AD and modeled to resemble Trajan's column. Currently situated in the Piazza Colonna, the column pictures a spiral relief of various battles and events throughout Aurelius' life. Initially situated in the Campus Martius, the column is built out of a number of marble sections as…

Augustus of Prima Porta

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This iconic statue of Augustus can be found at the Vatican Museum. It was discovered in the Villa of Livia at Prima Porta, which is near Rome in 1863. The marble statue depicts the Emperor in full military gear as the commander of the army. The armor on his chest displays mythological scenes, including Cupid riding a dolphin [TA: the Cupid is not…

Portrait Bust of Hadrian

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This marble portrait bust of the Emperor Hadrian is located at the National Museum of Rome. What stands out in this bust is the Emperor's curly hair and beard, which signifies it was built during the second century AD [JWO: Hadrian was the first emperor to have a beard in his portraiture but beards continued into the third century and beyond]. …

Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius

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This bronze statue depicts Marcus Aurelius riding on a horse and is on display in the Capitoline Museum. The Emperor is shown raising his hand, which many have reasoned is a sign of clemency. Furthermore, the horse and attire displays Marcus Aurelius' military prowess. There is also a replica of the statue outside of the museum.

Bust of Commodus as Hercules

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This bust depicts Emperor Commodus as Hercules and can be found in the Capitoline Museum. It is very clear that the Emperor intended to be portrayed as Hercules because besides the well-known masculine features of the demigod, Commodus is shown wearing the skin of the Nemean lion, one of the seven [JWO: twelve] labours of Hercules. He is also…

Via Labicana Augustus: Augustus as Pontifex Maximus

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This marble statue depicts Augustus about to perform a sacrifice, as can be seen by his toga and veiled head--two elements that indicate sacrificial garments. He is shown as a high priest. Augustus is also depicted as a boy [JWO: young man], which emphasizes the young age at which he took office. The statue can be found at the Palazzo Massimo…

Arch of Constantine

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The Arch of Constantine is a triumphal arch located near the Colosseum. It commemorates Constantine's victory over Maxentius and is modeled after the Arch of Septimius Severus. It makes use of spolia

Augustus as Pontifex Maximus

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Located at the Palazzo Massimo Museum, this statue depicts the Emperor Augustus as the High Priest of Rome. He wears a toga with a hood over his head to show that he is a priest

Ara Pacis

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The Ara Pacis was an altar dedicated to the Emperor Augustus by the Roman Senate upon his return from Hispania and Gaul. It signified that Augustus had brought peace to the Roman Empire. It is housed in the Museo dell'Ara Pacis at Lungotevere in Augusta, 00186 Roma
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