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Ludovisi Gaul

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Dying Gual

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Arch of Septimius Severus

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Ara Pacis

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Trajan's Column

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Pyramid of Cestius, epitaph on front

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This front image of the Pyramid of Cestius highlights the inscription, which can be translated into “Gaius Cestius Epulo, son of Lucius, of the Poblilian district, praetor, tribune of the people, official of the public banquets. According to his will, this work was completed in three hundred and thirty days; it was executed by his heirs L. Pontus…

Pyramid of Cestius, picture postcard

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Located just outside the Aurelian Walls on Via Ostiense and Via Raffaele Perischette, across from the Porta San Paolo, the Pyramid of Cestius is a remarkable tomb built for Gaius Cestius Epulo, a praetor who lived during the time of Augustus. Like all other funerary monuments at the time, the Pyramid of Cestius was built outside the city walls of…

Theoretical Reconstruction of the Mausoleum of Augustus

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The Mausoleum of Augustus was one of the first buildings commissioned by the Emperor Augustus after he secured a political victory over Marc Antony. Upon completion and long after, it was reported to be one of largest and most noteworthy buildings in Ancient Rome. Contemporary Greek geographer, Strabo of Amasia, writes the monument was dotted with…

Mausoleum of Augustus

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Located in the Campus Martius, the Mausoleum of Augustus is a large commemorative monument consisting of a series of concentric structures that build on each other to form an almost artificial hill. The mausoleum was commissioned by the emperor for him and his family; some people buried here include Lucius and Gaius Caesar, Augustus, Livia,…

The Portonaccio Sarcophagus

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An elaborately decorated sarcophagus built sometime between 190 and 200 AD. It was designed for a general who served under Marcus Aurelias and depicts battle scenes from past campaigns against barbarians. With its high reliefs, intricate military details, and unfinished faces, the Portonaccio sarcophagus is quite distinctive despite being linked to…