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Items tagged "Augustus": 70

Ara Pacis

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Theoretical Reconstruction of the Mausoleum of Augustus

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The Mausoleum of Augustus was one of the first buildings commissioned by the Emperor Augustus after he secured a political victory over Marc Antony. Upon completion and long after, it was reported to be one of largest and most noteworthy buildings in Ancient Rome. Contemporary Greek geographer, Strabo of Amasia, writes the monument was dotted with…

Mausoleum of Augustus

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Located in the Campus Martius, the Mausoleum of Augustus is a large commemorative monument consisting of a series of concentric structures that build on each other to form an almost artificial hill. The mausoleum was commissioned by the emperor for him and his family; some people buried here include Lucius and Gaius Caesar, Augustus, Livia,…

Ara Pacis Augustae (Altar of Augustan Peace)

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Originally located on the Campus Martius, the Ara Pacis Augustae (Altar of Augustus Peace) is a commemorative monument for the wars fought by Augustus and Marcus Agrippa. Since its discovery, the monument was reassembled in its current location at the Museum of the Ara Pacis, not far from where it originally stood. The exterior of the structure is…

Augustus of Prima Porta

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This is a full-length portrait bust of Augustus Ceasar dressed in full military garb. It was discovered at the Villa Suburbana, the home of Augustus' wife Livia in Prima Porta, in 1863. It now resides in the Braccio Nuovo of the Vatican Museums. The Curiass (chest plate) illustrates Augustus' most significant diplomatic achievement, the return of…

The Altar of Augustan Peace

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The Altar of Augustan Peace, also known as Ara Pacis Augustae, honors Augustus’ return to Rome after spending his time in Hispania and Gaul. The Altar is dedicated to the Roman goddess of Peace and commemorates Augustus’ practices of incorporating victims into the Roman empire through peaceful means. The Altar of Augustan Peace is originally placed…

Obelisk of Montecitorio

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The obelisk was ordered to Rome by Augustus in 10 BC, and was placed in the Campus Martius to be used as a large scale sun dial. In the field, the shadow cast by the obelisk would set itself upon the Ara Pacis on Augustus' birthday. The obelisk was commemorative of Augustus' Egyptian conquests and was symbolic of his relation with the sun god. …

Temple of Deified Julius Caesar

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After Julius Caesar was assassinated in 44 BC, Augustus promotes his father in the Senate. Caesar becomes the first emperor [not the perfect term for him, perhaps] to be deified, and his temple is erected in 29 BC. Inside the temple, coins can still be found that were thrown in by citizens [by modern visitors, not ancient citizens]. The temple…

Ara Pacis, South Frieze

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On the south frieze of the Ara Pacis, a barbarian child is seen gripping the toga of Marcus Agrippa. This child was commonly identified as Gaius, however there are multiple barbarian signifiers, such as a the hair, diadem, and tunic. The presence of barbarians on the Ara Pacis demonstrates the ability of Augustus (and Marcus Agrippa) to bring…

Ara Pacis, North Frieze

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A depiction of a ceremonial procession on the north side of the Ara Pacis which includes a northern barbarian child. Housed in the Museum of the Ara Pacis.