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Items tagged "Campus Martius": 13

Obelisk of Montecitorio

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The obelisk was ordered to Rome by Augustus in 10 BC, and was placed in the Campus Martius to be used as a large scale sun dial. In the field, the shadow cast by the obelisk would set itself upon the Ara Pacis on Augustus' birthday. The obelisk was commemorative of Augustus' Egyptian conquests and was symbolic of his relation with the sun god. …

Ara Pacis, South Frieze

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On the south frieze of the Ara Pacis, a barbarian child is seen gripping the toga of Marcus Agrippa. This child was commonly identified as Gaius, however there are multiple barbarian signifiers, such as a the hair, diadem, and tunic. The presence of barbarians on the Ara Pacis demonstrates the ability of Augustus (and Marcus Agrippa) to bring…

Barbarian Child on the Ara Pacis

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The Are Pacis, or the Altar of Augustan Peace, was constructed in the 1st century BC in order to commemorate Augustus's journeys to Gaul and Hispania. Originally, the two young boys on the Ara Pacis were declared to be Gaius and Lucius Caesar, but they are now believed to be barbarian children.

Pons Fabricius

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The Pons Fabricius is the oldest remaining Ancient Roman bridge in Rome, made of two arches supported by an elevated central base. Commissoned by Lucius Fabricius towards the end of Roman Republic in 62 BC and built on the southern bend of the Tiber river, this bridge connects the Campus Martius to Tiber Island, the location of the ancient…

Pons Fabricius

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The Pons Fabricius is the oldest Roman bridge in the city that still exists in its general original format. The bridge has two arches and connects the Campus Martius the Tiber Island (Isola Tiberina). The bridge was built in 62 BC and replaced a wooden bridge. This bridge has been an important connection to Tiber Island because the land has…

Mausoleum of Augustus

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The Mausoleum of Augustus is a large funerary tomb build by Augustus for himself at the beginning of his reign. The tomb was one of the first major public works commissioned by Augustus for the city of Rome after his victory over Mark Anthony in the Final War of the Republic. The Mausoleum was built in a circular plan, with concentric rings of…

Temple of the Divine Hadrian

Temple of Hadrian
Temple to the Deified Hadrian on the Campus Martius in Rome. Only one wall survives, mainly because it was converted into a papal palace and eventually into a Borsa bank. It was built by Hadrian's successor, Antoninus Pius in order to deify him. It is located in the Piazza di Pietra on the Campus Martius.

The Pantheon

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The current Pantheon sits on the site of two earlier models, the first commissioned during the reign of Emperor Augustus by Marcus Agrippa, and the second by Emperor Domitian. The newest Pantheon was commissioned by Emperor Hadrian and dedicated during AD 126. The building was a public temple, catering to a wide variety of gods that Romans would…

Ara Pacis Augustae, The Altar of Augustan Peace

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The Ara Pacis Augustae was decreed by the Senate on 4 July 13 BC as a celebration of the return of Emperor Augustus from his time abroad in Spain and in Gaul to symbolize the peace that Rome hoped would arise from Augustus' time away. The facade of the altar depicts both Emperor Augustus, Marcus Agrippa and Julia along with young boys of…

Column of Marcus Aurelius and Faustina [You may be confusing this with the base of the lost Column of Antoninus Pius and Faustina]

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The Column of Marcus Aurelius and Faustina was commissioned by the Emperor Commodus following the death of his father Marcus Aurelius in AD 180. The actual date of erection and the identity of the artist are both unknown, but the design of the column was set to emulate the design of the Column of Trajan, complete with a hollow interior containing a…