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Items tagged "Rome": 22

Ara Pacis Augustae (Altar of Augustan Peace)

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Originally located on the Campus Martius, the Ara Pacis Augustae (Altar of Augustus Peace) is a commemorative monument for the wars fought by Augustus and Marcus Agrippa. Since its discovery, the monument was reassembled in its current location at the Museum of the Ara Pacis, not far from where it originally stood. The exterior of the structure is…

Commodus as Hercules

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This portrait bust illustrates Commodus, son of Marcus Aurelius, as Hercules. It was discovered in the underground chambers of the Horti Lamiani (Lamian Gardens) on top of the Esquiline Hill in 1874. Now located in the Capitoline Museums, the bust was presumably commissioned in AD ~192 by Commodus. In it, Commodus is adorned with elements of…

The Pantheon

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An architectural feat for its time, the Pantheon was unlike any other temple in that it combines the traditional frontal aspects of a temple with a round, domed interior. Rebuilt three times over the years, The Pantheon was initially built by Marcus Agrippa in BC 29-19 on the Campus Martius but was destroyed by a fire in 80 CE. Domitian then…

Arch of Constantine

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The Arch of Constantine is a Triumphant Arch commemorating Constantine's victory over Maxentius in a civil war and his long reign. The Roman Senate erected it in AD 315 in his honor next to the Colosseum and along the road of The Via Triumphalis (Triumphal Procession). The Procession began in the Campus Martius and culminated at the Temple of…

Trajan's Column

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Trajan's Column is a victory monument that was dedicated to Emperor Trajan by the Senate after his victory over the Dacians. The column stands in the center of Trajan's forum, within what was the greater Roman forum [it was not in the actual Forum, it was next to the Basilica, which was itself next to the Forum]. Likely built by Apollodorus of…

Via Labicana Augustus

This marble statue of Augustus depicts him performing the role and functions of a high priest, or Pontifex Maximus. With his toga draped over his head as a veil, the emperor prepares to perform a sacrifice. The statue is located in the Palazzo Massimo alle Terme of the National Roman Museum.

Temple of Antoninus and Faustina

The Temple of Antoninus and Faustina was originally dedicated to Faustina the Elder, the deceased wife of Emperor Antoninus Pius, who was deified after her death in 140 CE. After Antoninus' death and deification in 161 CE, the temple was rededicated to he and Faustina by order of his successor, Marcus Aurelius.

Commodus as Hercules

This bust depicts the emperor Commodus as Hercules with the mythological god's trademark lion skin, club, and Hesperidean apples. Throughout his reign, Commodus associated himself with the hero, either to gain popular attention or adulation as the incarnation of the god. The bust is currently housed at the Capitoline Museums.

Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius

This imposing statue of the emperor Marcus Aurelius on horseback is more than life-sized. It is unique in that it depicts the emperor without weapons or armor [I'm not quite sure about the latter]; rather, he is portrayed as the harbinger of peace. It is located in the Capitoline Museums.

Ara Pacis

The Altar of Peace was commissioned by the Roman Senate to commemorate Augustus' return to Rome after an extensive military campaign in the western portion of the empire and the establishment of the Pax Romana (also known as the Pax Augusta). The monument, officially dedicated to the goddess Pax, depicts Augustus, his general Agrippa, and two of…